Do you know how to shoot an M4 accurately? If you do, congratulations to you. And as you may already know, it takes some skill, practice, and patience to use this firearm.
On the other hand, if you don’t know or a little curious will guide you in how to properly do it.
By following this read, not only will you learn or improve your shooting, but you will be more confident doing it.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A Little on the M4
The M4 is a short rifle commonly known as a carbine. It’s an assault rifle that was invented in 1984 and has been undergoing changes over time. The firearm has been in production since then to date and remains a top choice for people looking for a functional, reliable, and powerful firearm.
The M4 carbine measures 5.56×45 mm, weighs 2.9 kg (6.5 lb) when empty and 3.40 Kg ((7.49 lb) with 30 rounds. It has a 36.83 cm long barrel, achieves a Muzzle velocity of (910 m/s) 2,970 ft/s) and fires at a rate of 700–950 rounds per min.
It resembles the M16A2 assault rifle but is much lighter and also shorter. It fires the rounds via direct impingement gas and is air-cooled.
The firearm is magazine-fed, comes with a telescoping stock and has an effective firing range of 550 yards (500 m).
Here are the 9 Steps below:
Step 1- Familiarize with the unit
Know where the trigger, operating rod, charging handle and safety lock is. The parts help in loading the cartridge/rounds, clearing the chamber/pathway, stopping accidental firing, and also clearing stoppages. Over time, you’ll be able to find the part without even looking.
Step 2- Find the magazine/clip
The next step is loading the cartridge into the specified section. You should use the right cartridge and also load in the correct manner facing the proper direction. It should lock or latch in place when done right.
Step 3- Feed the round
The operating rod helps to move the round from the magazine into the firing chamber. To do this, you pull it and then reset it. It will slam home ensuring the round is loaded and ready to be fired.
NB: Keep the safety clutch on and your finger away from the trigger to prevent accidental firing.
Step 4- Take Position
Identify the target and find a good posture. This means you will be facing the direction of a target, moving either forwards or backward, or staying in the same spot. While doing this, ensure the barrel is facing downwards.
Step 5- Find the best posture
Stand in a manner that allows you to properly hold the carbine without stressing yourself. It should feel right and balanced during the hold. You may need to stand more upright, lean a bit forward or backward, widen or narrow your steps, and also align their neck, shoulder, or head. The goal is to find the most comfortable position.
Step 6- Get ready to fire
After finding the right position/posture and facing the correct direction, you need to make certain you are holding the gun properly. You should hold the barrel/forestock (normally made of wood, rubber or plastic) with the supporting hand (this is the hand that you don’t normally use).
For right-handed people, it will be the left and vice versa for left-handed users. The nearer the front/barrel your hand is, the better the hold and balance. The butt should be lying in the region between the breast and shoulder. Right shoulder for right-handed individuals and left shoulder for left-handed people.
Step 7- Maintain a clear view
Adjust your eye and head to ensure you are viewing the target via the sight. It shouldn’t be on the side or above. This takes a little practice and you will be adjusting or tilting your head, body, and shoulder accordingly.
All this time, the carbine’s stock will be firmly pressed slightly below the cheekbone.
Step 8- Release Safety Clutch and Fire
With your eye focusing on the target release the safety clutch. Put your index / second finger near the trigger but not on the trigger. Take a deep breath then breathe out. Hold your breath, move the finger to the trigger and fire. Ensure you squeeze it gently without any jerky or side-to-side movement. Breathe normally after this.
Step 9- Check the target and clear the gun
Check if you have hit or missed the target. If it’s amiss, you’ll need to vary the angle of the carbine by moving to the left or right (Windage) or aiming lower or higher (Elevation). Clear the chamber and prep for your next shot.
Safe use of the Firearm
Like any other firearm, the M14 rifle can cause grievous harm or fatality when not used accordingly. In fact, it’s prohibited for civilian use in many places. Nevertheless, under proper use, this carbine can be quite remarkable. The following safety tips should be observed during use:
- Understand the firearm: Before taking shots at anything, you first need to understand the fundamentals of the carbine. These include the speed/velocity, effective range, how it fires, the weight, length and more. Trying your hand on the piece without any rounds will help you to get used it.
- Find a safe area: It’s important that you use the short rifle in a secluded area. This ensures that any stray bullets won’t hit or harm people, animals, or items. Also important is using it in an open field that is free of obstacles and distractions.
- Proper grip: You should learn to hold the carbine correctly. This entails placing the butt well, applying the right force (not too much or too little), and maintaining stability when firing. You should also maintain proper breathing techniques.
- Full concentration: Taking shots requires full concentration if everything is to be done accordingly. Have proper views of the surrounding, maintain the best eye level, and also be aware of where the controls, locks, and triggers are. Your finger should only be on the trigger when you are fully sure and ready to fire.
- Proper carrying: Carry the carbine when it’s lock and the muzzle is facing downwards. Hold it at the stock and butt/handle and not near the trigger or lock mechanism.
- Regular cleaning: The carbine, just like other firearms, will get dirty over time. It’s essential you clean it regularly using the right methods and correct equipment and cleaning agents. If not sure, you may seek assistance from an experienced person.